"… requirements …, that the Immortal Beloved be a woman closely acquainted with Beethoven during the period in question." He developed a series of romantic attachments, which may have remained unrequited and unconsummated. "3 Briefe von Beethoven ... sie werden wohl an Josephine sein, die er leidenschaftlich geliebt hat." (Goldschmidt 1980). The ill-matched couple quarreled and quickly separated, prompting Teréz Brunsvik to write cryptically in her journal that Josephine would have been better off with Beethoven. As a professional writer, I can admire Beethoven’s prose as few can. A Contribution to his Biography.]. Josephine's candidacy as the "Immortal Beloved" was contested by Solomon (1988), mainly in response to Massin (1955, 1970), Goldschmidt (1980) and Tellenbach (1983). Big screen swoon-worthy as the story was, it doesn’t square with the facts. (Josephine's Diary, June 1812, in Steblin 2007, p. Beethoven’s missives to this “immortal beloved,” which include the only known love letter of his to use the informal German du for “you” rather than the formal Sie, were found among his personal effects; they were never mailed — a beautiful and tragic testament to the fact that their affair, like all affairs, was both bedeviled and vitalized by the awareness that the two lovers could never fully have … "Beethovens heilige Hände …[,] den ich tief verehre, er wandelt göttlich under den Sterblichen, sein höheren Standpunkt gegen die niedere Welt." Again, he seems to have quickly fallen for Josephine and remained close to her after her marriage. When she was widowed several years later, he pursued his case. 21.) The entire letter is written on 10 small pages, in Beethoven's rather inconsistent handwriting. "[52] The background to this: "In November 1811, we see Beethoven writing a newly composed song with the heading 'An die Geliebte' [To the Beloved] into the album of the Bavarian Court singer Regina Lang. It had already been refuted by Goldschmidt (1980) with regard to Steichen (1959). A New Look at Beethoven's Diary Entry and the 'Immortal Beloved.". [But] many Beethoven scholars did not want to believe this, and in many newspapers and journals ... expressed their conviction that this was undoubtedly a valuable genuine document." ], Skwara, Dagmar/Steblin, Rita (2007): "Ein Brief Christoph Freiherr von Stackelbergs an Josephine Brunsvik-Deym-Stackelberg." He had dedicated in the same year to her daughter Maxe a one-movement trio. My estimate is ... in the fall of 1811. There has been a long speculation since Beethoven’s death on who the “immortal beloved” in his life was. Many believe the Celtic hero was a real person, while others think his origin story is just a legendary tale that has evolved over time. ", Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1998): "Psychoanalyse und historisch-philologische Methode. [... veröffentlichte Bekker, der von ihm publizierte Beethoven-Brief sei eine Fälschung. The wealthy daughter of noble parents, she began taking piano lessons with him in 1801, and he almost immediately fell in love with her. This Immortal Beloved letter by Beethoven is dated Monday July 6th. Beethoven 127. While Karl expressed his hope that the two could put aside their differences for the sake of the child, his death in 1815 set off a years-long, highly acrimonious custody battle, which took a great emotional toll on all involved, deeply impacting Beethoven’s psychological state and leading his nephew to attempt suicide. Who was the woman who so besotted Ludwig van Beethoven that he was compelled to pen an infamously passionate and fervid love letter that has stood the test of time? Antonie Brentano and her husband were close friends with Beethoven, Photo: ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images, The daughter of an Austrian diplomat, Antonie “Toni” Brentano was deeply involved in the arts and became very close with Beethoven around 1810. Viele Beethoven-Forscher wollten dies aber nicht glauben und gaben in Tages- und Fachzeitschriften ihrer Überzeugung Ausdruck, daß es sich zweifellos um ein wertvolles echtes Stück handelt.] They were therefore not independent objective requirements at all." The letter was found amongst the composers things after his death. Walden (2011, p. 5)[59] suggests that Bettina Brentano was Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved", based on the assumption that one of the two spurious letters by Beethoven to her is true: "If that letter to Bettina was genuine, it would prove conclusively that Bettina was the Immortal Beloved, but the original has not survived, and the authenticity is strongly doubted today. Many scholars believe his “Für Elise” was written in her honor. Schindler, in turn, named Guicciardi as the “Immortal Beloved” in his biography of Beethoven, but that idea has since been disputed, particularly because she seems to have disappeared from Beethoven’s life several years before the letter was written. Walden, Edward (2002): "Beethoven's 'Immortal Beloved': Arguments in Support of the Candidacy of Bettina Brentano". Barbara Maranzani is a NY-based writer and editor, focusing on American and European history. The letters were found in … All of these women are known to have been the object of Beethoven’s affection at one time or another. "I was so lucky to have been acquainted with Beethoven, intimately and intellectually, for so many years! Her marriage to a count, who was also a composer, seemingly did little to dampen Beethoven’s ardor. Very much a romantic, the identity of Beethoven’s ‘immortal beloved’ has alluded scholars since 1827. And Karl is actually his son, not his nephew! autogr. Newman, Ernest (1911): "A Beethoven Hoax?". [4] The letter is written in pencil and consists of three parts. The two candidates favored by most contemporary scholars are Antonie Brentano[5] and Josephine Brunsvik. "Beethoven! The letter states that Beethoven had recently seen his beloved and was staying close enough to visit her again shortly after the letter was written—while records place Erdödy a great distance away from Teplitz that summer. The letter was addressed to "My Angel...", but as the term "Immortal Beloved" (appearing only once towards the end of the letter) was unique in Beethoven's vocabulary, it has been used ever since. Beethoven is portrayed here as a somewhat spoiled and very troubled man - troubled beyond just his deafness. Why do we doubt his word that there was only one woman who had captured his heart?" The last section conveys his resignation that their great love was never to be — as he signs off with the lines, “Ever thine. [Die Redaktion der "Musik" legte dieses Beethoven-Manuskript vielen bekannten Fachleuten vor, welche alle unabhängig voneinander das Stück für echt erklärten.] This forgery fooled many scholars at the time: "The editors of 'Die Musik' submitted this Beethoven manuscript to many well-known experts, all of whom independently declared it to be genuine." A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Classical music, he remains one of the most recognized and … However, Schindler’s biography is full of inventions by the author, and this is one of them. 27, No. [58], Lund (1988) made a claim that Antonie's son Karl, born exactly eight months after the alleged encounter with Beethoven, should have been his son; even Solomon did not endorse this, as he thought "it was 'sensationalistic'." 1. (Therese's Diary, 15 January 1847, in Tellenbach 1983, p. Over the past twenty years, Walden has delved into the question of the identity of the Immortal Beloved. With unprecedented access to the archives at the Beethoven House in Bonn, renowned Beethoven conductor and scholar Jan Caeyers expertly weaves together a deeply human and complex image of Beethoven… (Cooper 1996, p. 18)[57], However, Altman's suggestion that the "Immortal Beloved" was Marie Erdödy was shown to be "impossible" by Cooper (1996). Sie waren für einander geboren. Soon after Beethoven’s death … … Die dilettantischen Verse haben ebenfalls Stammbuchcharakter. After his death in 1827, the following love letter was found amongst the personal papers of Ludwig van Beethoven, penned by the composer over the course of two days in July of 1812 while staying in Teplice. Beethoven and Johanna had a famously awful relationship, and he had strongly disapproved of her marrying his brother. 1. the woman must have been in Prague and Karlsbad around the time in question (like Beethoven); 2. she must have been closely acquainted (at least on very friendly terms) with Beethoven, at the time immediately before this event. Goldschmidt (1980, p. 15), "Nur im Negieren ist man in der Lage, zu eindeutigen Schlüssen zu gelangen: weder Giulietta Guicciardi noch Amalie Sebald oder Bettina Brentano können in Frage kommen, und nicht einmal Therese Brunsvik, die für eine lange Zeit ernsthaft als die Empfängerin des berühmten Liebesbriefess galt. ", Pulkert, Oldrich (2000): "Beethoven's Unsterbliche Geliebte." 1809/1810. left a lot to be desired, as far as basic expertise in Viennese topography is concerned. (Goldschmidt 1980, p. 182-185, p. 349, Walden (2002, 2011). [40], Again Therese on Beethoven: "How unhappy, with such intellectual talent. ... From the standpoint of music theory, the connections make eminent sense. Ever mine. ", In a review of Tellenbach (1983) in the leading German newspaper F.A.Z. They were born for each other. Immortal Beloved is a biographical account of Ludwig van Beethoven's (Gary Oldman) life and loves, in the form of a fictionalized treatment of an enigmatic letter to … Ever ours.” The doomed affair coincided with the start of one of the darkest periods in Beethoven’s life, during which he failed to compose a major work for several years. But arguments against Erdödy rest on geography. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:58. Beethoven may have been foolish when it came to love, but by all accounts, he was an exceedingly honorable man, leading many to doubt he would have carried on a passionate affair under his good friend’s nose. Regina Lang ins Stammbuch schreiben believe his “ für elise ” was written in and. A cloud How unhappy, with disastrous Results since this time been divided on the identity of the nobility... And scholars, the enigma of who his mysterious mistress was adds to the Beloved... Sie sich vereint. 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