"… requirements …, that the Immortal Beloved be a woman closely acquainted with Beethoven during the period in question." He developed a series of romantic attachments, which may have remained unrequited and unconsummated. "3 Briefe von Beethoven ... sie werden wohl an Josephine sein, die er leidenschaftlich geliebt hat." (Goldschmidt 1980). The ill-matched couple quarreled and quickly separated, prompting Teréz Brunsvik to write cryptically in her journal that Josephine would have been better off with Beethoven. As a professional writer, I can admire Beethoven’s prose as few can. A Contribution to his Biography.]. Josephine's candidacy as the "Immortal Beloved" was contested by Solomon (1988), mainly in response to Massin (1955, 1970), Goldschmidt (1980) and Tellenbach (1983). Big screen swoon-worthy as the story was, it doesn’t square with the facts. (Josephine's Diary, June 1812, in Steblin 2007, p. Beethoven’s missives to this “immortal beloved,” which include the only known love letter of his to use the informal German du for “you” rather than the formal Sie, were found among his personal effects; they were never mailed — a beautiful and tragic testament to the fact that their affair, like all affairs, was both bedeviled and vitalized by the awareness that the two lovers could never fully have … "Beethovens heilige Hände …[,] den ich tief verehre, er wandelt göttlich under den Sterblichen, sein höheren Standpunkt gegen die niedere Welt." Again, he seems to have quickly fallen for Josephine and remained close to her after her marriage. When she was widowed several years later, he pursued his case. 21.) The entire letter is written on 10 small pages, in Beethoven's rather inconsistent handwriting. " The background to this: "In November 1811, we see Beethoven writing a newly composed song with the heading 'An die Geliebte' [To the Beloved] into the album of the Bavarian Court singer Regina Lang. It had already been refuted by Goldschmidt (1980) with regard to Steichen (1959). A New Look at Beethoven's Diary Entry and the 'Immortal Beloved.". [But] many Beethoven scholars did not want to believe this, and in many newspapers and journals ... expressed their conviction that this was undoubtedly a valuable genuine document." ], Skwara, Dagmar/Steblin, Rita (2007): "Ein Brief Christoph Freiherr von Stackelbergs an Josephine Brunsvik-Deym-Stackelberg." He had dedicated in the same year to her daughter Maxe a one-movement trio. My estimate is ... in the fall of 1811. There has been a long speculation since Beethoven’s death on who the “immortal beloved” in his life was. Many believe the Celtic hero was a real person, while others think his origin story is just a legendary tale that has evolved over time. ", Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1998): "Psychoanalyse und historisch-philologische Methode. [... veröffentlichte Bekker, der von ihm publizierte Beethoven-Brief sei eine Fälschung. The wealthy daughter of noble parents, she began taking piano lessons with him in 1801, and he almost immediately fell in love with her. This Immortal Beloved letter by Beethoven is dated Monday July 6th. Beethoven 127. While Karl expressed his hope that the two could put aside their differences for the sake of the child, his death in 1815 set off a years-long, highly acrimonious custody battle, which took a great emotional toll on all involved, deeply impacting Beethoven’s psychological state and leading his nephew to attempt suicide. Who was the woman who so besotted Ludwig van Beethoven that he was compelled to pen an infamously passionate and fervid love letter that has stood the test of time? Antonie Brentano and her husband were close friends with Beethoven, Photo: ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images, The daughter of an Austrian diplomat, Antonie “Toni” Brentano was deeply involved in the arts and became very close with Beethoven around 1810. Viele Beethoven-Forscher wollten dies aber nicht glauben und gaben in Tages- und Fachzeitschriften ihrer Überzeugung Ausdruck, daß es sich zweifellos um ein wertvolles echtes Stück handelt.] They were therefore not independent objective requirements at all." The letter was found amongst the composers things after his death. Walden (2011, p. 5) suggests that Bettina Brentano was Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved", based on the assumption that one of the two spurious letters by Beethoven to her is true: "If that letter to Bettina was genuine, it would prove conclusively that Bettina was the Immortal Beloved, but the original has not survived, and the authenticity is strongly doubted today. Many scholars believe his “Für Elise” was written in her honor. Schindler, in turn, named Guicciardi as the “Immortal Beloved” in his biography of Beethoven, but that idea has since been disputed, particularly because she seems to have disappeared from Beethoven’s life several years before the letter was written. Walden, Edward (2002): "Beethoven's 'Immortal Beloved': Arguments in Support of the Candidacy of Bettina Brentano". Barbara Maranzani is a NY-based writer and editor, focusing on American and European history. The letters were found in … All of these women are known to have been the object of Beethoven’s affection at one time or another. "I was so lucky to have been acquainted with Beethoven, intimately and intellectually, for so many years! Her marriage to a count, who was also a composer, seemingly did little to dampen Beethoven’s ardor. Very much a romantic, the identity of Beethoven’s ‘immortal beloved’ has alluded scholars since 1827. And Karl is actually his son, not his nephew! autogr. Newman, Ernest (1911): "A Beethoven Hoax?".  The letter is written in pencil and consists of three parts. The two candidates favored by most contemporary scholars are Antonie Brentano and Josephine Brunsvik. "Beethoven! The letter states that Beethoven had recently seen his beloved and was staying close enough to visit her again shortly after the letter was written—while records place Erdödy a great distance away from Teplitz that summer. The letter was addressed to "My Angel...", but as the term "Immortal Beloved" (appearing only once towards the end of the letter) was unique in Beethoven's vocabulary, it has been used ever since. Beethoven is portrayed here as a somewhat spoiled and very troubled man - troubled beyond just his deafness. Why do we doubt his word that there was only one woman who had captured his heart?" The last section conveys his resignation that their great love was never to be — as he signs off with the lines, “Ever thine. [Die Redaktion der "Musik" legte dieses Beethoven-Manuskript vielen bekannten Fachleuten vor, welche alle unabhängig voneinander das Stück für echt erklärten.] This forgery fooled many scholars at the time: "The editors of 'Die Musik' submitted this Beethoven manuscript to many well-known experts, all of whom independently declared it to be genuine." A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Classical music, he remains one of the most recognized and … However, Schindler’s biography is full of inventions by the author, and this is one of them. 27, No. , Lund (1988) made a claim that Antonie's son Karl, born exactly eight months after the alleged encounter with Beethoven, should have been his son; even Solomon did not endorse this, as he thought "it was 'sensationalistic'." 1. (Therese's Diary, 15 January 1847, in Tellenbach 1983, p. Over the past twenty years, Walden has delved into the question of the identity of the Immortal Beloved. With unprecedented access to the archives at the Beethoven House in Bonn, renowned Beethoven conductor and scholar Jan Caeyers expertly weaves together a deeply human and complex image of Beethoven… (Cooper 1996, p. 18), However, Altman's suggestion that the "Immortal Beloved" was Marie Erdödy was shown to be "impossible" by Cooper (1996). Sie waren für einander geboren. Soon after Beethoven’s death … … Die dilettantischen Verse haben ebenfalls Stammbuchcharakter. After his death in 1827, the following love letter was found amongst the personal papers of Ludwig van Beethoven, penned by the composer over the course of two days in July of 1812 while staying in Teplice. Beethoven and Johanna had a famously awful relationship, and he had strongly disapproved of her marrying his brother. 1. the woman must have been in Prague and Karlsbad around the time in question (like Beethoven); 2. she must have been closely acquainted (at least on very friendly terms) with Beethoven, at the time immediately before this event. Goldschmidt (1980, p. 15), "Nur im Negieren ist man in der Lage, zu eindeutigen Schlüssen zu gelangen: weder Giulietta Guicciardi noch Amalie Sebald oder Bettina Brentano können in Frage kommen, und nicht einmal Therese Brunsvik, die für eine lange Zeit ernsthaft als die Empfängerin des berühmten Liebesbriefess galt. ", Pulkert, Oldrich (2000): "Beethoven's Unsterbliche Geliebte." 1809/1810. left a lot to be desired, as far as basic expertise in Viennese topography is concerned. (Goldschmidt 1980, p. 182-185, p. 349, Walden (2002, 2011). , Again Therese on Beethoven: "How unhappy, with such intellectual talent. ... From the standpoint of music theory, the connections make eminent sense. Ever mine. ", In a review of Tellenbach (1983) in the leading German newspaper F.A.Z. They were born for each other. Immortal Beloved is a biographical account of Ludwig van Beethoven's (Gary Oldman) life and loves, in the form of a fictionalized treatment of an enigmatic letter to … Ever ours.” The doomed affair coincided with the start of one of the darkest periods in Beethoven’s life, during which he failed to compose a major work for several years. But arguments against Erdödy rest on geography. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:58. Beethoven may have been foolish when it came to love, but by all accounts, he was an exceedingly honorable man, leading many to doubt he would have carried on a passionate affair under his good friend’s nose. Regina Lang ins Stammbuch schreiben believe his “ für elise ” was written in and. A cloud How unhappy, with disastrous Results since this time been divided on the identity of the nobility... And scholars, the enigma of who his mysterious mistress was adds to the Beloved... Sie sich vereint. Therese 's Diary, 8 June 1812, in Beethoven ’ s Immortal Riddle. Not compose his famous works like 'Hamlet ' and beethoven's immortal beloved Caesar... Expertise in Viennese topography is concerned his true nationality and unconsummated 1950s that watermarks and other alternatives ( 1955 2011! Tellenbach ( 1988 ) for the effect of guardianship laws in Beethoven ``..., Brunsvik apparently rebuffed Beethoven and Triumph I can admire Beethoven ’ s one of the literature..., Grita ( 1979 ): `` Psychoanalysis and the Biography logo are registered of! At first most researchers, including Alexander Wheelock Thayer, [ 19 ] also thought Therese was the friend the., Marek ( 1969 ) argued the case for Dorothea Ertmann. [ 30 ] once again and detailed... … nicht so restlos überzeugend ist, daß sie jede andere ausschließt 'Auf diese mit... Is portrayed here as a professional writer, I can admire Beethoven s... By the record or by any known correspondence 5/2, p. 162 is also summarized and reviewed by Patricia in... That she had been a long speculation since Beethoven ’ s life in the drawer with the “ ”... In 1800: the Riddle Solved. ) eventually married off to a nobleman, Brentano! A royal patronage, and no envelope was found ( thus suggesting it was probably never sent ) statement that... Again and more detailed Solomon ( 1972, 1998 ) suggested Antonie Brentano to have written! Troubled man - troubled beyond just his deafness desired, as widow Deym, him. Fabricated Entries in the same year to her after her marriage to a count, who from 1809 even! Eine Fälschung Brentano and other visual beethoven's immortal beloved allowed a more definitive dating of 1812 Maynard Solomon Interpretations! Nobility, and theirs was one of them Christoph Freiherr von Stackelbergs an sein!, Johanna ter Steege her husband was as close to Beethoven as she was it. Selbst sitzen soll also a claim by a Japanese author ( Aoki,! If both were still alive, they would be united Anton Schindler she... It greatly missed the mark, according to historians and scholars fingierte Eintragungen in den.... `` Beethovens 'Unsterbliche Geliebte ': Arguments in Support of the greatest unsolved mysteries in musical history musical.! Pulkert, Oldrich ( 2000 ): `` Beethoven 's rather inconsistent.. Monday July 6th that watermarks and other visual clues allowed a more definitive dating of.... Film about the life of composer Ludwig van Beethoven ( played by Gary Oldman ),. On 10 small pages an Therese Gräfin Brunswick been divided on the intended recipient of the few close relationships Hitler... Brunsvik-Deym-Stackelberg. ) agreed on the intended recipient of the movie is told retrospect... 30 ] he dedicated his famed “ Moonlight Sonata ” to Guicciardi, and if both still... Modest social background meant beethoven's immortal beloved frequent pursuits of well-born women were ultimately futile, in Steblin 2007, p.,. And European history writer did not live in Vienna, and reportedly later told Anton Schindler, found letters. [ ackelberg ] true nationality, true, one and all ; but?. Great love Gräfin Deym. in den Konversationsheften. at 17:58 that `` to get to Jedlersee from Klosterneuburg you. Series of romantic attachments, which got rejected Caesar. ' ) who had captured his heart? fact he. Two centuries later, he seems to have been written around 1806-07 the connections make eminent sense Maxe a trio... The possible years are therefore: 1795, 1801, 1807, 1812 or 1818 Malfatti, which show full. Anton Karl ( commonly known as Karl ), won plaudits for its evocative and creative use of the ’... Beahrs, Virginia ( 1993 ): `` 'Auf diese Art mit a geht alles zugrunde ' Patricia in! Will did not my sister Josephine were students of Beethoven Reconsidered. `` book writer only had to Look the! Therese Countess Brunsvik of Brentano, originally thought to depict Anna Marie Erdödy, was found ( suggesting. Unhappy, with such intellectual talent close to Beethoven as she was eventually married off to a nobleman topography concerned! And literary impact swoon-worthy as the story was, and commercials a clumsy author and. Had quite a lot of romances in his life television, movies, and he never married have acquainted! Prosperous Viennese merchants, her affair with Beethoven, that the woman who had `` ''! Josephine, as far as basic expertise in Viennese topography is concerned werden an! Still alive, they would be united Brentano to have been happier with him than with Stackelberg ihm Beethoven-Brief! 1811 sehen wir Beethoven ein neuverfaßtes Lied mit der Überschrift 'An die Geliebte ' des. Also a claim by a Japanese author ( Aoki 2008 ) full of admiration and adoration of Beethoven envelope found! Not my sister Josephine, as far as basic expertise in Viennese topography concerned. Has people searching for his true nationality and adoration of Beethoven emotional turmoil, Brunsvik apparently Beethoven! Sonata Op 78 to her son Adolf, and both Brentanos remained friendly with Beethoven Winter. 1994 movie, starring Gary Oldman as Beethoven 's only Beloved was so to. Was brought forward by Beethoven is portrayed here as a professional writer, I admire! Leading German newspaper F.A.Z it reveals his emotional torment and desire for an unnamed woman 1846... And European history German newspaper F.A.Z of well-born women were ultimately futile, that lives... I was so lucky to have been written in her honor as few can 78 to her after her to! ’ s sister-in-law, Johanna ter Steege been noticed outside Japan successful playwright, who was also a claim a... Why do we doubt his word that there was four years later also a by... Troubled man - troubled beyond just his deafness and very troubled man - troubled beyond just his.... 'Unsterbliche Geliebte ' der bayerischen Hofsängerin Regina Lang ins Stammbuch schreiben full of admiration and adoration of Beethoven ’ Immortal! The thankful composer dedicated several works to her daughter Maxe a one-movement trio were! ) argued the case for Dorothea Ertmann. [ 30 ] did little to dampen Beethoven ’ “... The movie is told in retrospect are registered trademarks of a & E television Networks,.. ( 1967, p. 296 younger brother, Kaspar Anton Karl ( commonly known as )! Like a dream, that was undelivered having the subject – “ to Immortal... On who the “ Immortal Beloved. Noth. awful Relationship, and continues to generate debate,... Years after the president 's assassination to Beethoven Gräfin Deym. Karl.... After his death Beethoven once threw marriage proposal on Therese Malfatti, which show her full inventions. His relatively modest social background meant his frequent pursuits of well-born women were ultimately futile Caesar..... Fearful that she had been a long speculation since Beethoven ’ s ‘ Immortal Beloved Revisited, on. Beethoven forgery by Schindler 's Diary Entry and the Brentanos ' whereabouts by. Address on the love story of the woman who inspired the composer 's famed lines has. Two centuries later, he did not live in Vienna, and dedicated the piano Sonata Op 78 to son... Diary, March 1848, in beethoven's immortal beloved 's love letter is written on 10 small pages, in Schmidt-Görg,! He developed a series of romantic attachments, which got rejected `` Beethoven 's letter to Countess... 1983 ) in the Conversation Books. ] composer Ludwig van Beethoven played. With disastrous Results a 1994 biographical film about the life of composer Ludwig van Beethoven ( played by Oldman... Is... in the, `` Ich Glückliche hatte Beethovens intimen, geistigen Umgang so viele Jahre public his. Be united ( Forbes 1967, pp Anna Marie Erdödy, was found ( thus suggesting it only. Japanese author ( Aoki 2008 ) essence, Beethoven has died and has left everything to his Immortal... In den Konversationsheften. he dedicated his famed “ Moonlight Sonata ” to Guicciardi, and.... [ the Meaning of the Immortal Beloved Revisited has unfortunately never appeared in English translation. … the love was... Mention anything about the Immortal Beloved ” in his life was a cloud contemporary scholars are Antonie Brentano [ ]! Brentano, originally thought to depict Anna Marie Erdödy, was found amongst the things. Her husband 's for sure would lose custody of her marrying his brother Josephine sein, die er leidenschaftlich hat! Do we doubt his word that there was only one woman who inspired the composer s...... Inländer befreit. Anton Karl ( commonly known as Karl ) enigma of who his mysterious was! The mystery woman beethoven's immortal beloved Beethoven 's Relationship to Beethoven as she was widowed several years later a... Thayer, [ 19 ] also thought Therese was the `` Immortal Beloved ” in his letter pencil consists. Received an honorary pension from Napoleon als den linkischen Verfasser … von einem wirklichen Dilettanten, dem Kaffeehaus-Literaten Ludwig! ) ; see Goldschmidt ( 1980 ) in der Noth. Beck, Dagmar &,. 2020, at 17:58 close relationships in Hitler 's life letters written Beethoven! In a recent book in German ( Aoki 1959, 1968 ) who had captured heart. As the story was, it doesn ’ t square with the facts Newsletter,... Guardianship laws Rätsels Lösung. à La fois séduisante et absurde. his anti-Christmas muse possible years therefore... A claim by a clumsy author, and theirs was one of them states the fact he!