Directorate of Enforcement Programs, Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.html, www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/faq_longhours.html, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. § 654(a)(1). A repeat assessment must be offered regularly. }else{ The employer shall provide, and require workers to wear Class 2 high visibility garments meeting the requirements of Section 3380 (e) and conforming to the specifications of ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 for work activities conducted between sunset and sunrise. Night workers should not work more than an average of 8 hours in every 24. This sometimes involves shift work and workers often have to work at night. OSHA doesn't have a regulation specifically addressing shift work safety. OSHA's requirements are set by statute, standards, and regulations. U.S. Department of Labor  |  Occupational Safety & Health Administration  |  200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210. This information can be found at: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/. if(tag[n].style.fontSize){ For other valuable worker protection information, such as Workers' Rights, Employer Responsibilities and other services OSHA offers, read OSHA's Workers page. Limits on working hours for night workers. Response: With regard to employer training, OSHA does not train employers on hazards related to late night and extended unusual shifts. We hope you find this information helpful. You had two questions: one was related to the hazards of employees working extended, late night shifts and the other to light pollution hazards caused by industrial light sources. Night Work Convention, 1990 (No. With regard to light pollution concerns, you stated that the use of industrial and business lighting and streetlights during the night causes harm to the general population and adds a glare to nighttime drivers' eyes. [CDATA[ “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. With respect to regulation, as above, while there is no on-point regulation, OSHA does enforce the Acts' general duty clause where warranted. General Industry. Police officers and firefighters, for example, often work rotat-ing shifts. for(t in tagnames){ Standards. Response: With regard to employer training, OSHA does not train employers on hazards related to late night and extended unusual shifts. Recordkeeping. //]]> This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Around traffic, class II or II combination with retro-reflective trousers is required. Section 17: Night work (1.) To assure that you are using the correct information and guidance, please consult OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov. Most people will be affected by working shift work and/or extended hours. Many experts have also blamed rotating shifts for the "human error" connected with some accidents. A reality for about 25 percent of North American workers, shiftwork can disrupt workers' family and personal lives and lead to health problems including chronic fatigue and gastrointestinal disorders. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration doesn’t require employers to maintain specific temperatures in the workplace. Webpages on this Topic "Is Extra Pay Required For Weekend Or Night Work?" Question 2: Can OSHA train and regulate employers about the basics of minimizing light pollution from the workplace, especially with the use of blue-rich/bright white LEDs, light trespass, skyglow, glare, etc? Your paraphrased questions and our replies follow: Background: Concerning the hazards of extended, late night shift work, you described your concerns that "shiftwork that involves circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans." UK night working hours run from 11 pm (23:00) to 6 am (06:00) for the standard night period. 29 U.S.C. var usasearch_config = { siteHandle:"usdoloshapublicwebsite" }; Instead, it governs shift worker safety under the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. OSHA's comprehensive consultation assistance includes a hazard survey of the worksite and an appraisal of all aspects of the employer's existing safety and health management system. Thank you for your interest in occupational safety and health. Studies have shown that shifting schedules increases injury risk. Long periods of extended shifts and long continuous hours of work can undermine the safety and health of those who work them, and the safety of other employees and members of the public. However, OSHA encourages employers to perform a hazard analysis of its jobsite. It offers free consultations to assist employers with conducting these analyses, and in developing and implementing effective workplace safety and health management systems that emphasize the prevention of worker injuries and illnesses. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation only of the requirements discussed below and may not be applicable to any question not delineated within your original correspondence. More information on jobsite hazard analysis can be found at: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.html, In addition, OSHA acknowledges that in many industries, including healthcare, manufacturing, construction, maritime, and emergency response operations, potential hazards to employees arise during night shifts. Statistically, accident rates are higher during night shifts, and employees who work long or irregular hours are at greater risk of injury. tagnames=new Array('h1','a','span','div'); You also stated that research has linked other serious diseases to late night shift work, such as type 2 diabetes. Most construction workers are accustomed to working on a busy construction site and often working overtime to meet strict deadlines. Emergency responders, particularly those who are assigned to work for extended hours, must be aware of the limitations of the protective equipment they use and the allowable or safe duration of exposure to hazardous environments. Shift workers may be scheduled to work days, evenings, nights and/or on a rotating or on-call basis. The worker must get a follow-up examination by a health professional when an employer is unsure if the worker is fit for night work. } Night work is defined as work performed during a period of not less than seven consecutive hours, including the interval from midnight to … Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. Agriculture. Many State Departments of Transportation (DOT) use some form of nighttime work zone to conduct construction and maintenance activities on or near the travel portion of the road system. According to Derek Simpson (2005), night work is defined as a 7 hour period which includes that between midnight and 5am, usually 11pm to 6am. The request to this fragment failed. script.type = "text/javascript"; The agency recognizes that a 75-degree Fahrenheit office might be comfortable for one employee, but intolerable for another. This letter was forwarded to OSHA's Directorate of Enforcement Programs (DEP) for response. Thomas Galassi, Director Night workers who lack seniority for day shift assignments may be less experienced and less aware of safe work practices. … This review is concerned with those who work other schedules either on shifts or with extended hours which transcend the day-night work-sleep pattern. With respect to training, OSHA does not train employers on light pollution. With respect to regulations, there are no specific OSHA regulations or standards addressing employers' efforts to raise awareness on the risks of shift work. Audrey Fischer Our letters of interpretation do not create new or additional requirements but rather explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances. Provide brief breaks every one to two hours during demanding work, and allow for longer meal breaks. The Health & Safety Authority 3 It is estimated that in Ireland approximately 15% or 270,000 of the working population of 1.8 million workers do shift and night work on a … 171) - [ratifications] Requires ratifying states to take measures required by the nature of night work for the protection of night workers. An employer may only require or permit an employee to perform night work, if so agreed, and if— (a.) Exceptions apply if workers and employers agree a different period for 'night time'. Question 1: Does OSHA train and regulate employers to provide fair warning to their employees about the risks of shift work? Workers putting in a 12-hour shift reasonably expect a meal time and additional breaks. script.src = "https://search.usa.gov/javascripts/remote.loader.js"; function changeFontSize(inc){ Some forms of protective equipment for extended periods meal time and additional breaks irregular rosters, hours! 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